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Macrofossil Characteristics of Soil from Shark River Slough, Everglades National Park (FCE) from July 2003 to February 2006


At a Glance


Authors: Colin Saunders
Time period: 2003-07-24 to 2006-02-26
Package id: knb-lter-fce.1125.2
Dataset id: ST_OMD_Saunders_003

How to cite:
Saunders, C.. 2011. Macrofossil Characteristics of Soil from Shark River Slough, Everglades National Park (FCE) from July 2003 to February 2006. Environmental Data Initiative. https://doi.org/10.6073/pasta/e8f697869b4be3ac9c0cecff377d94d8. Dataset accessed 2020-10-26.

Geographic Coverage


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Detailed Metadata


  • Dataset Creator(s)
    • Name: Dr. Colin Saunders 
    • Position: Research Scientist
    • Organization: South Florida Water Management District, Everglades District
    • Address: 3301 Gun Club Road, MSC 4440
      West Palm Beach, FL 33406 USA
    • Phone: 561-682-6309
    • Fax: 561-682-5892
    • Email: CSaunder@sfwmd.gov

  • Dataset Abstract
    These data represent the results of macrofossil analyses on soil cores from Shark Slough sites, including FCE LTER sites SRS2, SRS3 and SRS4 and FCE related site NE-SRS1 from July 24,2003 to February 26, 2006. Soils from 1-cm depth increments were analyzed for macrofossil content (mainly seeds). These analyses contribute to a paleoecological study to quantify past changes in vegetation and soil accumulation in relation to past climate variation, fire occurrences and water management.
  • Geographic Coverage
    Study Extent Description
    The Study Extent of this dataset includes the FCE Shark River Slough research sites within Everglades National Park, South Florida

    Bounding Coordinates
    Data were collected in the Shark River Slough, within Everglades National Park, South Florida
    N: 25.761, S: 24.913, E: -80.490, W: -81.078

    Florida Coastal Everglades LTER Study Area: South Florida, Everglades National Park, and Florida Bay
    N: 25.761, S: 24.913, E: -80.490, W: -81.078

    FCE LTER Sites
    NE-SRS1, SRS2, SRS3, SRS4

    All Sites
    Geographic Description
    Bounding Coordinates
    NE-SRS1
    N: 25.698, S: 25.698, E: -80.635, W: -80.635
    FCE LTER Site SRS2
    N: 25.550, S: 25.550, E: -80.785, W: -80.785
    FCE LTER Site SRS3
    N: 25.468, S: 25.468, E: -80.853, W: -80.853
    FCE LTER Site SRS4
    N: 25.410, S: 25.410, E: -80.964, W: -80.964
  • Attributes
    • Data Table:   Macrofossil Characteristics of Soil from Shark River Slough, Everglades National Park (FCE)
      Attribute Name:
      SITENAME
      Attribute Label:
      sitename
      Attribute Definition:
      Name of LTER site
      Storage Type:
      text
      Measurement Scale:
      Name of LTER site
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      Date
      Attribute Label:
      date
      Attribute Definition:
      Collection date
      Storage Type:
      datetime
      Measurement Scale:
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      Core_ID
      Attribute Label:
      ID number
      Attribute Definition:
      Name of Individual Soil Core
      Storage Type:
      norminal
      Measurement Scale:
      Name of Individual Soil Core
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      Habitat
      Attribute Label:
      habitat type
      Attribute Definition:
      Name of vegetation type (sawgrass or slough)
      Storage Type:
      norminal
      Measurement Scale:
      Name of vegetation type (sawgrass or slough)
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      SoilDepth_Interval
      Attribute Label:
      soil depth interval
      Attribute Definition:
      nominal depth increment in 1-cm intervals
      Storage Type:
      norminal
      Measurement Scale:
      nominal depth increment in 1-cm intervals
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      Depth
      Attribute Label:
      depth
      Attribute Definition:
      Soil Collection Depth
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: centimeter
      Precision: 0.01
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.00 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      Dist_to_Ecotone
      Attribute Label:
      distance
      Attribute Definition:
      distance from core location to nearest sawgrass/slough ecotone
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: meter
      Precision: 1
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      Sawgrass
      Attribute Label:
      sum total of sawgrass seeds per unit volume
      Attribute Definition:
      sum total of sawgrass seeds per unit volume
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: numberSeedEquivalentsPerCubicCentimeter
      Precision: 0.001
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.000 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      Other_Sedges
      Attribute Label:
      sum total of sedges (exlcuding sawgrass) seeds per unit volume
      Attribute Definition:
      sum total of sedges (exlcuding sawgrass) seeds per unit volume
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: numberSeedEquivalentsPerCubicCentimeter
      Precision: 0.001
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.000 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      Utricularia
      Attribute Label:
      sum total of Utricularia spp. seeds (including seed fragments) per unit volume
      Attribute Definition:
      sum total of Utricularia spp. seeds (including seed fragments) per unit volume
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: numberSeedEquivalentsPerCubicCentimeter
      Precision: 0.001
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.000 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      Nymphaceae
      Attribute Label:
      sum total of Nymphaceae (mainly Nymphaea odorata, but may include Nuphar advena) seeds (including seed fragments) per unit volume
      Attribute Definition:
      sum total of Nymphaceae (mainly Nymphaea odorata, but may include Nuphar advena) seeds (including seed fragments) per unit volume
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: numberSeedEquivalentsPerCubicCentimeter
      Precision: 0.001
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.000 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      Nymphoides
      Attribute Label:
      sum total of Nymphoides spp. (mainly Nymphoides aquatica) seeds (including seed fragments) per unit volume
      Attribute Definition:
      sum total of Nymphoides spp. (mainly Nymphoides aquatica) seeds (including seed fragments) per unit volume
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: numberSeedEquivalentsPerCubicCentimeter
      Precision: 0.001
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.000 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      Typha
      Attribute Label:
      sum total of cattail (Typha sp.) seeds
      Attribute Definition:
      sum total of cattail (Typha sp.) seeds
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: numberSeedEquivalentsPerCubicCentimeter
      Precision: 0.001
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.000 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      Charophyte
      Attribute Label:
      sum total of Charophyte oospores (including spore fragments) per unit volume
      Attribute Definition:
      sum total of Charophyte oospores (including spore fragments) per unit volume
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: numberSeedEquivalentsPerCubicCentimeter
      Precision: 0.001
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.000 (Value will never be recorded )


  • Methods
    Sampling Description
    Macrfossil anlayses of soil cores collected at each sampling site

    Method Step

    Description
    Macrofossils of sawgrass (Cladium jamaicense), sedges (other than sawgrass), Utricularia spp., Nymphacae, Nymphoides spp., Typha spp., and Charophytes were obtained as the number of seed (or Charophyte oospores) equivalents (sum of total seed and seed fragments) counted in a known sample volume of soil.

    Citation
    Craft, C. B. , C. J. Richardson. 1993. Peat accretion and nitrogen,phosphorus and organic carbon accumulation in nutrient enriched and unenriched Everglades peatlands.. Ecological Applications, 3(3): 446-458.

    Instrumentation
    sieves (1000 micron and 500 micron openings)30x monocular lens microscopes65x dissecting microscopes digital calipers

    Method Step

    Description
    Macrofossils of sawgrass (Cladium jamaicense), sedges (other than sawgrass), Utricularia spp., Nymphacae, Nymphoides spp., Typha spp., and Charophytes were obtained as the number of seed (or Charophyte oospores) equivalents (sum of total seed and seed fragments) counted in a known sample volume of soil.

    Citation
    Craft, C. B. , C. J. Richardson. 1993. Peat accretion and phosphorus accumulation along a eutrophication gradient in the northern Everglades.. Biogeochemistry, 22: 133-156.

    Instrumentation
    sieves (1000 micron and 500 micron openings)30x monocular lens microscopes65x dissecting microscopes digital calipers

    Method Step

    Description
    Macrofossils of sawgrass (Cladium jamaicense), sedges (other than sawgrass), Utricularia spp., Nymphacae, Nymphoides spp., Typha spp., and Charophytes were obtained as the number of seed (or Charophyte oospores) equivalents (sum of total seed and seed fragments) counted in a known sample volume of soil.

    Citation
    Craft, C. B. , C. J. Richardson. 1998. Recent and long-term organic soil accretion and nutrient accumulation in the Everglades.. Soil Sci Soc Am J, 62: 834-843.

    Instrumentation
    sieves (1000 micron and 500 micron openings)30x monocular lens microscopes65x dissecting microscopes digital calipers

  • Distribution and Intellectual Rights
    Online distribution
    http://fcelter.fiu.edu/perl/public_data_download.pl?datasetid=ST_OMD_Saunders_003.txt
    Data Submission Date:  2009-10-02

    Intellectual Rights
    These data are classified as 'Type II' whereby original FCE LTER experimental data collected by individual FCE researchers to be released to restricted audiences according to terms specified by the owners of the data. Type II data are considered to be exceptional and should be rare in occurrence. The justification for exceptions must be well documented and approved by the lead PI and Site Data Manager. Some examples of Type II data restrictions may include: locations of rare or endangered species, data that are covered under prior licensing or copyright (e.g., SPOT satellite data), or covered by the Human Subjects Act, Student Dissertation data and those data related to the FCE LTER Program but not funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) under LTER grants #DEB-9910514, and # DBI-0620409. Researchers that make use of Type II Data may be subject to additional restrictions to protect any applicable commercial or confidentiality interests. All publications based on this dataset must cite the data Contributor, the Florida Coastal Everglades Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Program and that this material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation through the Florida Coastal Everglades Long-Term Ecological Research program under Cooperative Agreements #DEB-1237517, #DBI-0620409, and #DEB-9910514. Additionally, two copies of the manuscript must be submitted to the Florida Coastal Everglades LTER Program Office, LTER Program Manager, Florida International University, Southeast Environmental Research Center, OE 148, University Park, Miami, Florida 33199. For a complete description of the FCE LTER Data Access Policy and Data User Agreement, please go to FCE Data Management Policy at http://fcelter.fiu.edu/data/DataMgmt.pdf and LTER Network Data Access Policy at http://fcelter.fiu.edu/data/core/data_user_agreement/distribution_policy.html.

  • Keywords
    FCE, Florida Coastal Everglades LTER, ecological research, long-term monitoring, Shark River Slough, Everglades National Park, seeds, soil, water, depth, organisms, nutrients, cores, processes, sawgrass, ecotone, sedges, Utricularia, Nymphaceae, Nymphoides, Typha, Charophyte
  • Dataset Contact
    • Position: Information Manager
    • Organization: LTER Network Office
    • Address: UNM Biology Department, MSC03-2020
      1 University of New Mexico
      Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001 USA
    • Phone: 505 277-2535
    • Fax: 505 277-2541
    • Email: tech-support@lternet.edu
    • URL: http://www.lternet.edu

    • Name: Colin Saunders 
    • Position: Research Scientist
    • Organization: South Florida Water Management District, Everglades District
    • Address: 3301 Gun Club Road, MSC 4440
      West Palm Beach, FL 33406 USA
    • Phone: 561-682-6309
    • Fax: 561-682-5892
    • Email: CSaunder@sfwmd.gov
    • URL: http://www.sfwmd.gov/

    • Position: Information Manager
    • Organization: Florida Coastal Everglades LTER Program
    • Address: Florida International University
      University Park
      OE 148
      Miami, FL 33199 USA
    • Phone: 305-348-6054
    • Fax: 305-348-4096
    • Email: fcelter@fiu.edu
    • URL: http://fcelter.fiu.edu

  • Data Table and Format
    Data Table:  Macrofossil Characteristics of Soil from Shark River Slough, Everglades National Park (FCE)

    Entity Name:
    ST_OMD_Saunders_003
    Entity Description:
    Macrofossil Characteristics of Soil from Shark River Slough, Everglades National Park (FCE)
    Object Name:
    ST_OMD_Saunders_003
    Number of Header Lines:
    1
    Attribute Orientation:
    column
    Field Delimiter:
    ,
    Number of Records:
    554