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A database of soil type and soil depth across Everglades National Park, Florida, USA


At a Glance


Authors: Lukas Lamb-Wotton, Tiffany Troxler, Stephen Davis
Time period: 1966-01-01 to 2018-12-31
Package id: knb-lter-fce.1246.1

How to cite:
Lamb-Wotton, L., T. Troxler, S. Davis. 2022. A database of soil type and soil depth across Everglades National Park, Florida, USA. Environmental Data Initiative. https://doi.org/10.6073/pasta/72da5e950699b98e6f9c9a3aa9e6de25. Dataset accessed 2022-12-05.

Geographic Coverage


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Detailed Metadata


  • Geographic Coverage
    Bounding Coordinates
    Records encompass the entirety of Everglades National Park.
    N: 25.888297, S: 24.8497483, E: -80.3893018, W: -81.5197122

  • Attributes
    • Data Table:   This database contains records of soil depth and soil type for points across Everglades National Park. Sources of data include unpublished soil core and soil probe data from FIU and USGS, data from the U.S EPA REMAP dataset. A literature review was also conducted to search for any published data points on soil depth and soil type, with a particular focus on the the southwest coastal region of Everglades National Park, where data points are relatively sparse.
      Attribute Name:
      SITE_ID
      Attribute Label:
      SITE_ID
      Attribute Definition:
      Record identifier as obtained from the data sources. ID can include plot #, or site name, depending on data source.
      Storage Type:
      string
      Measurement Scale:
      Record identifier as obtained from the data sources. ID can include plot #, or site name, depending on data source.
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      EST_DATE
      Attribute Label:
      EST_DATE
      Attribute Definition:
      Date of measurement. When a specific day was not recorded, measurement date was estimated as best as possible given information reported (e.g. early 2000s).
      Storage Type:
      string
      Measurement Scale:
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      DATA_SOURCE
      Attribute Label:
      DATA_SOURCE
      Attribute Definition:
      From where data was obtained, whether from a published article or an organization.
      Storage Type:
      string
      Measurement Scale:
      From where data was obtained, whether from a published article or an organization.
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      CITATION
      Attribute Label:
      CITATION
      Attribute Definition:
      Specific citation for the data source.
      Storage Type:
      string
      Measurement Scale:
      Specific citation for the data source.
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      Y_NORTHING_UTM
      Attribute Label:
      Y_NORTHING_UTM
      Attribute Definition:
      Y coordinate
      Storage Type:
      float
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: meter
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      X_EASTING_UTM
      Attribute Label:
      X_EASTING_UTM
      Attribute Definition:
      X coordinate of point
      Storage Type:
      float
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: Decimal degree
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      LAT_DD
      Attribute Label:
      LAT_DD
      Attribute Definition:
      Latitude (Y coordinate), in decimal degree.
      Storage Type:
      float
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: Decimal degree
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      LONG_DD
      Attribute Label:
      LONG_DD
      Attribute Definition:
      Longitude (X coordinate) of point, in decimal degrees.
      Storage Type:
      float
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: Decimal degree
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      METHOD
      Attribute Label:
      METHOD
      Attribute Definition:
      Field method used to obtain soil depth/type data
      Storage Type:
      string
      Measurement Scale:
      CORE= Soil core but specified it was not to bedrock.
      CORE TO BEDROCK= Soil core to bedrock
      CORE TO REFUSAL= Soil core to refusal
      PROBE TO REFUSAL= Soil probe to refusal.
      Sediment Elevation Table= Soil depth estimated using depth of sediment elevation table.
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      LOCATION
      Attribute Label:
      LOCATION
      Attribute Definition:
      Name of general location from where data orignated within Everglades National Park. If no specific name for region exists, "ENP" was used.
      Storage Type:
      string
      Measurement Scale:
      Name of general location from where data orignated within Everglades National Park. If no specific name for region exists, "ENP" was used.
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      Veg_Community
      Attribute Label:
      Veg_Community
      Attribute Definition:
      Vegetation community from where data was obtained.
      Storage Type:
      string
      Measurement Scale:
      nan= not applicable
      Exotic= Non-native plant species assemblage
      Mangrove Forest= Mangrove dominated forest with trees 5 meters or taller that are high density (50-100% cover). Seasonally to semi-permanently flooded freshwater forests primarily found in interior wetlands but may extend well into coastal areas.
      Marsh= Graminoid and/or herbaceous emergent or floating vegetation in shallow water that stands at or above the ground surface for much of the year. Prairie habitat is included in this class. A marsh can have low density (<10%) tree and shrub cover.
      Scrub= Stands of shrubs (shorter than 5 meters) that are of low density (10-49% cover) and evenly spaced out in a matrix of graminoids and/or herbaceous vegetation. Mangrove communities with mean canopy heights of 2 meters or less with canopy cover greater than 10% are an exception to the Shrubland Class and fall under L1 – Scrub class.
      Shrubland= Stands of shrubs (shorter than 5 meters) that are of high density (50-100% cover). However, Mangrove communities with mean canopy heights of 2 meters or less with canopy cover greater than 10% are an exception to the Shrubland Class and fall under L1 – Scrub class.
      Water= Open-water
      Wetland Forest= Regularly flooded forests consisting of salt tolerant tree species. These communities are typically found along saltwater shorelines, interior tidal rivers and creeks, or estuarine zones.
      Woodland= Stands of trees (5 meters or taller) that are of low density (10-49% cover). Trees are evenly spaced out and often in a matrix of sparse shrubs (<50%), graminoids, and/or herbaceous vegetation. If understory shrub cover ≥ 50%, then the community is treated as a L1 – Shrubland.
      Missing Value Code:
      NA (Vegetation community could not be determined.)

      Attribute Name:
      Soil_Type
      Attribute Label:
      Soil_Type
      Attribute Definition:
      Data point is soil type as reported by primary data collector (when available) and converted to either organic, intermediate, or mineral either based on qualitative description of soil profile or quantitatively using soil organic matter content: organic = >70% OM, intermediate = 40-70% OM, and mineral = <40% OM
      Storage Type:
      string
      Measurement Scale:
      nan= unknown or not applicable
      Marl= Marl soil. Mineral-based soil.
      Marl layers= Marl layered with other soil types.
      Mud= Mud
      Organic= Soil that is highly organic (likely peat).
      Other= Soil type other than those listed.
      Peat= Peat soil. Highly organic.
      Peat layers= Peat soil layered with other soil types.
      Peat over marl= Peat overlain marl soil.
      Peat over other= Peat overlain a soil type not marl.
      Peat under marl= Peat underlaying marl soil.
      Peat under other= Peat underlaying a soil type not marl.
      Missing Value Code:
      NA (No soil type data.)

      Attribute Name:
      SOIL_CATEGORY
      Attribute Label:
      SOIL_CATEGORY
      Attribute Definition:
      Based on reported soil type or soil type identified from lithologic descriptions, soil type recorded as either organic, intermediate, or mineral either based on qualitative description of soil profile or quantitatively using soil organic matter content: organic = >70% OM, intermediate = 40-70% OM, and mineral = <40% OM
      Storage Type:
      string
      Measurement Scale:
      nan= unknown or not applicable
      Intermediate= 40-70% organic matter
      Mineral= <40% organic matter
      Organic= >70% organic matter
      Missing Value Code:
      NA (No soil type data)

      Attribute Name:
      soilDepth_cm
      Attribute Label:
      soilDepth_cm
      Attribute Definition:
      Reported depth of soil
      Storage Type:
      float
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: centimeter
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      peatDepth_cm
      Attribute Label:
      peatDepth_cm
      Attribute Definition:
      Depth of peat soil when other soil types where observed in soil core.
      Storage Type:
      float
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: centimeter
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      NA (No peat soil.)

      Attribute Name:
      Notes
      Attribute Label:
      Notes
      Attribute Definition:
      Specific notes about soil type and/or depth record.
      Storage Type:
      string
      Measurement Scale:
      Specific notes about soil type and/or depth record.
      Missing Value Code:
      NA (No notes)


  • Methods
    Method Step

    Description
    A soil depth and type database (n = 417) was compiled from literature searches, published, and unpublished datasets from 1966 - 2018. For each record, the database contains information on: (1) data source; (2) exact or estimated date of data collection; (3) geographic coordinates (decimal degree and universal transverse mercator); (4) method of soil depth estimation; (5) general location; (6) vegetation community; (7) soil type as reported by primary data collector (when available) and converted to either organic, intermediate, or mineral either based on qualitative description of soil profile or quantitatively using soil organic matter content: organic = >70% OM, intermediate = 40-70% OM, and mineral = <40% OM; (8) soil depth and peat depth (when applicable) in centimeters; and (9) general notes. Peat depth was determined only when either soil depth data came from a soil core taken to bedrock that had a lithological description or for a select number of records when soil was identified as “peat” or “marl” it was deemed “organic” or “mineral”, respectively. ==================== Data Sources ========================= See citations in database. ===========================================================


  • Distribution and Intellectual Rights
    Online distribution
    https://doi.org/10.6073/pasta/72da5e950699b98e6f9c9a3aa9e6de25
    Intellectual Rights
    This information is released under the Creative Commons license - Attribution - CC BY (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). The consumer of these data ("Data User" herein) is required to cite it appropriately in any publication that results from its use. The Data User should realize that these data may be actively used by others for ongoing research and that coordination may be necessary to prevent duplicate publication. The Data User is urged to contact the authors of these data if any questions about methodology or results occur. Where appropriate, the Data User is encouraged to consider collaboration or co-authorship with the authors. The Data User should realize that misinterpretation of data may occur if used out of context of the original study. While substantial efforts are made to ensure the accuracy of data and associated documentation, complete accuracy of data sets cannot be guaranteed. All data are made available "as is." The Data User should be aware, however, that data are updated periodically and it is the responsibility of the Data User to check for new versions of the data. The data authors and the repository where these data were obtained shall not be liable for damages resulting from any use or misinterpretation of the data. Thank you.

  • Keywords
    Everglades National Park, soil depth, soil type, FCE LTER, Florida Coastal Everglades LTER, soil, soil properties
  • Dataset Contact
    • Name: Lukas Lamb-Wotton 
    • Position: PhD Candidate
    • Organization: Florida International University
    • Address: 11200 SW 8th St., OE-148
      Miami, FL 33199 United States
    • Phone: 2078918921
    • Email: llamb009@fiu.edu

  • Data Table and Format
    Data Table:  This database contains records of soil depth and soil type for points across Everglades National Park. Sources of data include unpublished soil core and soil probe data from FIU and USGS, data from the U.S EPA REMAP dataset. A literature review was also conducted to search for any published data points on soil depth and soil type, with a particular focus on the the southwest coastal region of Everglades National Park, where data points are relatively sparse.

    Entity Name:
    FCE1246_Soils
    Entity Description:
    This database contains records of soil depth and soil type for points across Everglades National Park. Sources of data include unpublished soil core and soil probe data from FIU and USGS, data from the U.S EPA REMAP dataset. A literature review was also conducted to search for any published data points on soil depth and soil type, with a particular focus on the the southwest coastal region of Everglades National Park, where data points are relatively sparse.
    Object Name:
    FCE1246_Soils_corrected2.csv
    Number of Header Lines:
    1
    Attribute Orientation:
    column
    Field Delimiter:
    ,
    Number of Records:
    417