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Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Soil Sediments from the Shark River Slough and Taylor Slough, Everglades National Park (FCE LTER) from August 2004 to Present


At a Glance


Authors: Randy Chambers, Timothy Russell, Adrianna Gorsky
Time period: 2004-08-15 to 2018-08-15
Package id: knb-lter-fce.1127.9
Dataset id: LT_SS_Chambers_001

How to cite:
Chambers, R., T. Russell, A. Gorsky. 2019. Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Soil Sediments from the Shark River Slough and Taylor Slough, Everglades National Park (FCE LTER) from August 2004 to Present. Environmental Data Initiative. https://doi.org/10.6073/pasta/48bbbc5e009be9663bd9cfdac0cbcb53. Dataset accessed 2020-02-28.

Geographic Coverage


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Detailed Metadata


  • Dataset Creator(s)
    • Name: Dr. Randy Chambers 
    • Position: Project Collaborator
    • Organization: Florida Coastal Everglades LTER Program
    • Address: Department of Biology
      College of William and Mary
      Williamsburg, VA 23187 USA
    • Phone: 757-221-2331
    • Fax: 757-221-5076
    • Email: rmcham@wm.edu
    • URL: http://www.wm.edu/environment/KeckLab.html

    • Name: Timothy Russell 
    • Position: Technical Staff
    • Organization: Florida Coastal Everglades LTER Program
    • Address: Keck Environmental Field Lab
      College of William and Mary
      Williamsburg, VA 23187 USA
    • Phone: 757-221-5074
    • Fax: 757-221-5076
    • Email: tmruss@wm.edu
    • URL: http://www.wm.edu/environment/KeckLab.html

    • Name: Adrianna Gorsky 
    • Position: Technical Staff
    • Organization: College of William and Mary
    • Address: Keck Environmental Field Lab
      College of William and Mary
      Williamsburg, VA 23187 USA
    • Phone: 757-221-5074
    • Fax: 757-221-5076
    • Email: algorsky@wm.edu
    • URL: http://www.wm.edu/environment/KeckLab.html

  • Dataset Abstract
    These data represent the results of soil sampling and analysis from all 17 FCE LTER transect locations during from Year 2004 thru Year 2017. Surface soils from 0-10 cm been homogenized and analyzed from Sawgrass and mangrove sites and Florida Bay sites. Soils and sediments were analyzed for a suite of physical/chemical variables, including bulk density, organic matter content, extractable iron, AVS and CRS sulfur, and various forms of extractable phosphorus. These analyses are completed to document the differences in soil structure among transect sites, and to provide a baseline dataset against which long-term changes in the physical/chemical properties of the soils can be detected.
  • Geographic Coverage
    Study Extent Description
    The Study Extent of this dataset includes the FCE Shark River Slough and Taylor Slough research sites within Everglades National Park, South Florida

    Bounding Coordinates
    Data were collected in the Shark River and Taylor River Slough, within Everglades National Park, South Florida
    N: 25.761, S: 24.913, E: -80.490, W: -81.078

    Florida Coastal Everglades LTER Study Area: South Florida, Everglades National Park, and Florida Bay
    N: 25.761, S: 24.913, E: -80.490, W: -81.078

    FCE LTER Sites
    SRS1b, SRS1c, SRS1d, SRS2, SRS3, SRS4, SRS5, TS/Ph1a, TS/Ph1b, TS/Ph2,TS/Ph3, TS/Ph4,TS/Ph5, TS/Ph6b,TS/Ph7a, TS/Ph8, TS/Ph9, TS/Ph10, TS/Ph11

    All Sites
    Geographic Description
    Bounding Coordinates
    FCE LTER Site SRS1b
    N: 25.758, S: 25.758, E: -80.726, W: -80.726
    FCE LTER Site SRS2
    N: 25.550, S: 25.550, E: -80.785, W: -80.785
    FCE LTER Site SRS3
    N: 25.468, S: 25.468, E: -80.853, W: -80.853
    FCE LTER Site SRS4
    N: 25.410, S: 25.410, E: -80.964, W: -80.964
    FCE LTER Site SRS5
    N: 25.377, S: 25.377, E: -81.032, W: -81.032
    FCE LTER Site SRS6
    N: 25.365, S: 25.365, E: -81.078, W: -81.078
    FCE LTER Site TS/Ph1a
    N: 25.424, S: 25.424, E: -80.590, W: -80.590
    FCE LTER Site TS/Ph1b
    N: 25.439, S: 25.439, E: -80.590, W: -80.590
    FCE LTER Site TS/Ph2
    N: 25.404, S: 25.404, E: -80.607, W: -80.607
    FCE LTER Site TS/Ph3
    N: 25.252, S: 25.252, E: -80.663, W: -80.663
    FCE LTER Site TS/Ph4
    N: 25.315, S: 25.315, E: -80.522, W: -80.522
    FCE LTER Site TS/Ph5
    N: 25.295, S: 25.295, E: -80.520, W: -80.520
    FCE LTER Site TS/Ph6b
    N: 25.216, S: 25.216, E: -80.651, W: -80.651
    FCE LTER Site TS/Ph7a
    N: 25.191, S: 25.191, E: -80.639, W: -80.639
    FCE LTER Site TS/Ph8
    N: 25.233, S: 25.233, E: -80.525, W: -80.525
    FCE LTER Site TS/Ph9
    N: 25.177, S: 25.177, E: -80.490, W: -80.490
    FCE LTER Site TS/Ph10
    N: 25.02, S: 25.02, E: -80.68, W: -80.68
    FCE LTER Site TS/Ph11
    N: 24.91, S: 24.91, E: -80.94, W: -80.94
    FCE LTER Site SRS1c
    N: 25.755, S: 25.755, E: -80.574, W: -80.574
    FCE LTER Site SRS1d
    N: 25.746, S: 25.746, E: -80.654, W: -80.654
  • Attributes
    • Data Table:   Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Soil Sediments from the Shark River Slough and Taylor Slough, Everglades National Park (FCE)
      Attribute Name:
      SITENAME
      Attribute Label:
      sitename
      Attribute Definition:
      Name of LTER site
      Storage Type:
      text
      Measurement Scale:
      Name of LTER site
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      Date
      Attribute Label:
      date
      Attribute Definition:
      Collection date
      Storage Type:
      datetime
      Measurement Scale:
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      SedDepth
      Attribute Label:
      depth
      Attribute Definition:
      Soil Collection Depth
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: centimeter
      Precision: 0.1
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.0 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      BulkDensity
      Attribute Label:
      density
      Attribute Definition:
      Soil Bulk Density
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: gramsPerCubicCentimeter
      Precision: 0.001
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.000 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      %Organics
      Attribute Label:
      percent content
      Attribute Definition:
      Soil Percent Organics
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: percent
      Precision: 0.01
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.00 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      Inorganic_P_Free
      Attribute Label:
      concentration
      Attribute Definition:
      Soil Inorganic Phosphorus Step 1
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: microMolesPerCubicCentimeter
      Precision: 0.01
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.00 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      Inorganic_P_Fe_Bound
      Attribute Label:
      concentration
      Attribute Definition:
      Soil Inorganic Phosphorus Step 2
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: microMolesPerCubicCentimeter
      Precision: 0.01
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.00 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      Inorganic_P_CaCo_Bound
      Attribute Label:
      concentration
      Attribute Definition:
      Soil Inorganic Phosphorus Step 3
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: microMolesPerCubicCentimeter
      Precision: 0.01
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.00 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      Inorganic_P_Organic_Bound
      Attribute Label:
      concentration
      Attribute Definition:
      Soil Inorganic Phosphorus Step 4
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: microMolesPerCubicCentimeter
      Precision: 0.01
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.00 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      Extractable_P
      Attribute Label:
      concentration
      Attribute Definition:
      Soil Extractable Phosphorus
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: microMolesPerCubicCentimeter
      Precision: 0.01
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.00 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      Total_P
      Attribute Label:
      concentration
      Attribute Definition:
      Soil Total Phosphorus
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: microMolesPerCubicCentimeter
      Precision: 0.01
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.00 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      Extractable_Fe
      Attribute Label:
      concentration
      Attribute Definition:
      Soil Extractable Iron
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: microMolesPerCubicCentimeter
      Precision: 0.01
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.00 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      AVS
      Attribute Label:
      concentration
      Attribute Definition:
      Soil Acid Volatile Sulfide
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: microMolesPerCubicCentimeter
      Precision: 0.01
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.00 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      CRS
      Attribute Label:
      concentration
      Attribute Definition:
      Soil Chromium-Reducible Sulfide
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: microMolesPerCubicCentimeter
      Precision: 0.01
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.00 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      Total_S
      Attribute Label:
      concentration
      Attribute Definition:
      Soil Total Sulfide
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: microMolesPerCubicCentimeter
      Precision: 0.01
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.00 (Value will never be recorded )


  • Methods
    Sampling Description
    Surface soil cores collected at random. Sampling is done once a year in mid-August.

    Method Step

    Description
    Bulk density obtained as the dry weight of known sample volume of soil. %organic obtained as weight loss on ignition expressed as percentage of dry weight. Extractable phosphorus by sequential extraction was obtained by the following: PI (MgCl2 extraction--inorganic P only); PII (buffered dithionite extraction--inorganic P only); PIII (1N HCl extraction--inorganic P only); PIV (ashing/acid extraction). Total phosphorus obtained by 1N HCl extraction of ashed soil sample. Extractable iron obtained from ashed soil sample as the result of 18-hour extraction with 1N HCl, followed by ferrozine analysis. Acid volatile sulfide obtained by 1N HCl extraction of soil sample followed by reaction with Cline's reagent. Chromium-reducible sulfur obtained by concentrated HCl/chromous chloride extraction of soil sample followed by reaction with Cline's reagent. Total reduced sulfur calculated as the sum of acid-volatile plus chromium-reducible sulfur.

    Instrumentation
    Standard laboratory drying ovensfurnacesbalancesAll wet chemical analyses completed using a Genesys 5 spectrophotometer

  • Distribution and Intellectual Rights
    Online distribution
    http://fcelter.fiu.edu/perl/public_data_download.pl?datasetid=LT_SS_Chambers_001.txt
    Data Submission Date:  2019-01-04

    Intellectual Rights
    This information is released under the Creative Commons license - Attribution - CC BY (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). The consumer of these data ("Data User" herein) is required to cite it appropriately in any publication that results from its use. The Data User should realize that these data may be actively used by others for ongoing research and that coordination may be necessary to prevent duplicate publication. The Data User is urged to contact the authors of these data if any questions about methodology or results occur. Where appropriate, the Data User is encouraged to consider collaboration or co-authorship with the authors. The Data User should realize that misinterpretation of data may occur if used out of context of the original study. While substantial efforts are made to ensure the accuracy of data and associated documentation, complete accuracy of data sets cannot be guaranteed. All data are made available "as is." The Data User should be aware, however, that data are updated periodically and it is the responsibility of the Data User to check for new versions of the data. The data authors and the repository where these data were obtained shall not be liable for damages resulting from any use or misinterpretation of the data. Thank you.

  • Keywords
    phosphorus, soil bulk density, organic matter, iron, sulfide, FCE, Florida Coastal Everglades LTER, ecological research, long-term monitoring, Shark River Slough, Everglades National Park, Taylor Slough, organic fluxes, inorganic sediment summary, Soil Percent Organics, Soil Extractable Phosphorus, Soil Total Phosphorus, Soil Extractable Iron, Soil Acid Volatile Sulfide, Soil Chromium-Reducible Sulfide, Soil Total Sulfide
  • Dataset Contact
    • Name: Randy Chambers 
    • Position: Director, W.M. Keck Environmental Field Lab
    • Organization: College of William and Mary
    • Address: Department of Biology
      College of William and Mary
      Williamsburg, VA 23187 USA
    • Phone: 757-221-2331
    • Fax: 757-221-5076
    • Email: rmcham@wm.edu
    • URL: http://www.wm.edu/environment/KeckLab.html

    • Name: Timothy Russell 
    • Position: Keck Environmental Field Lab |College of William and Mary
    • Organization: College of William and Mary
    • Address: Williamsburg
      VA, 23187 USA 757-221-5074
    • Phone: 757-221-5076
    • Fax: tmruss@wm.edu
    • Email: Technical Staff
    • URL: http://www.wm.edu/environment/KeckLab.html

    • Position: Information Manager
    • Organization: Florida Coastal Everglades LTER Program
    • Address: Florida International University
      University Park
      OE 148
      Miami, FL 33199 USA
    • Phone: 305-348-6054
    • Fax: 305-348-4096
    • Email: fcelter@fiu.edu
    • URL: http://fcelter.fiu.edu

  • Data Table and Format
    Data Table:  Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Soil Sediments from the Shark River Slough and Taylor Slough, Everglades National Park (FCE)

    Entity Name:
    LT_SS_Chambers_001.txt
    Entity Description:
    Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Soil Sediments from the Shark River Slough and Taylor Slough, Everglades National Park (FCE)
    Object Name:
    LT_SS_Chambers_001.txt
    Number of Header Lines:
    1
    Attribute Orientation:
    column
    Field Delimiter:
    ,
    Number of Records:
    896