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Water Quality Data (Grab Samples) from the Shark River Slough, Everglades National Park (FCE LTER), from May 2001 to Present


At a Glance


Authors: Evelyn Gaiser, Daniel Childers
Time period: 2001-05-23 to 2019-12-31
Package id: knb-lter-fce.1073.13
Dataset id: LT_ND_Grahl_002

How to cite:
Gaiser, E., D. Childers. 2020. Water Quality Data (Grab Samples) from the Shark River Slough, Everglades National Park (FCE LTER), from May 2001 to Present. Environmental Data Initiative. https://doi.org/10.6073/pasta/0faa7d98aab58e5cb4ca5e85cf4ee5c8. Dataset accessed 2020-10-26.

Geographic Coverage


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Detailed Metadata


  • Dataset Creator(s)
    • Name: Dr. Evelyn Gaiser 
    • Position: Primary Investigator
    • Organization: Florida Coastal Everglades LTER Program
    • Address: 11200 S.W. 8th Street
      Miami, Florida 33199 USA
    • Phone: 305-348-6145
    • Fax: 305-348-4096
    • Email: gaisere@fiu.edu
    • URL: http://serc.fiu.edu/periphyton/

    • Name: Dr. Daniel Childers 
    • Position: Associate Director for Research| Professor
    • Organization: Global Institute of Sustainability| School of Sustainability
    • Address: Arizona State University
      PO Box 875402
      Tempe, AZ 85287 USA
    • Phone: 480-965-2320
    • Fax: 480-965-8087
    • Email: dan.childers@asu.edu

  • Dataset Abstract
    Water quality samples are being collected using ISCO autosamplers at all wetland sites (that is, all sites except TS/Ph-9, 10, and 11). The autosamplers contain 24 1L bottles. Water is sampled by programming the autosamplers to take composite samples once every 3 days. These samples are a composite of four 250mL subsamples drawn every 18 hours (a sampling scheme that captures a dawn, noon, dusk, and midnight sample in every three day composite). The samples are collected every 3-4 weeks and analyzed for total phosphorus (TP), total nitrogen (TN), and salinity. When sites are visited to collect these samples, we also collect a grab sample that is immediately put on ice. A portion of these grab samples is filtered through a Whatman GF/F filter immediately upon return to the lab, and the filtered samples are analyzed for inorganic nutrients such as NO2-, NO3-, NH4+, SRP, and DOC. The unfiltered fraction of these grab samples is analyzed for TP and TN. We use these monthly grab samples to generate relationships between TP and SRP, and between TN and NO2- + NO3- + NH4+. Dissolved nutrients are measured using standard rapid flow analyzer (RFA) techniques. TP is analyzed with a modified Solorzano and Sharp (1980) technique. TN is measured with an ANTEK 9000N analyzer, TOC and DOC are quantified on a Shimadzu TOC Analyzer, and salinity is measured with a YSI conductivity meter. In January 2007 a 6 days interval began for SRS1d, SRS2 & SRS3; the ISCOs did not change their sampling scheduled, they kept collecting water sample every 18 hours and switching bottles every three days; once in the lab, the 3 days was turned into 6 days by combining two bottles into 2 liters container. In addition to the regular water quality monitoring, we use the rain level actuators at all freshwater sites to trigger water sampling after rain events exceed a given threshold of duration and/or intensity. As currently programmed, when the threshold of = 2.5 cm of rain per hour is passed, the autosampler at that site collects a 1000mL sample 30 minutes after the threshold has been reached. Rain event samples are collected, treated, and analyzed as all other water quality samples.
  • Geographic Coverage
    Study Extent Description
    The Study Extent of this dataset includes the FCE Shark River Slough research sites within Everglades National Park, South Florida

    Bounding Coordinates
    FCE LTER Site SRS1a
    N: 25.761, S: 25.761, E: -80.727, W: -80.727

    FCE LTER Site SRS2
    N: 25.550, S: 25.550, E: -80.785, W: -80.785

    FCE LTER Site SRS3
    N: 25.468, S: 25.468, E: -80.853, W: -80.853

    FCE LTER Site SRS4
    N: 25.410, S: 25.410, E: -80.964, W: -80.964

    FCE LTER Site SRS5
    N: 25.377, S: 25.377, E: -81.032, W: -81.032

    FCE LTER Site SRS6
    N: 25.365, S: 25.365, E: -81.078, W: -81.078

    FCE LTER Site SRS1c
    N: 25.75, S: 25.75, E: -80.57, W: -80.57

    FCE LTER Site SRS1d
    N: 25.75, S: 25.75, E: -80.65, W: -80.65

    FCE LTER Sites
    SRS1a, SRS1c, SRS1d, SRS2, SRS3, SRS4, SRS5, SRS6

    All Sites
    Geographic Description
    Bounding Coordinates
    FCE LTER Site SRS1a
    N: 25.761, S: 25.761, E: -80.727, W: -80.727
    FCE LTER Site SRS2
    N: 25.550, S: 25.550, E: -80.785, W: -80.785
    FCE LTER Site SRS3
    N: 25.468, S: 25.468, E: -80.853, W: -80.853
    FCE LTER Site SRS4
    N: 25.410, S: 25.410, E: -80.964, W: -80.964
    FCE LTER Site SRS5
    N: 25.377, S: 25.377, E: -81.032, W: -81.032
    FCE LTER Site SRS6
    N: 25.365, S: 25.365, E: -81.078, W: -81.078
    FCE LTER Site SRS1c
    N: 25.75, S: 25.75, E: -80.57, W: -80.57
    FCE LTER Site SRS1d
    N: 25.75, S: 25.75, E: -80.65, W: -80.65
  • Attributes
    • Data Table:   Water Quality Data (Grab Samples) from the Shark River Slough, Everglades National Park, South Florida
      Attribute Name:
      SITENAME
      Attribute Label:
      sitename
      Attribute Definition:
      Name of LTER site
      Storage Type:
      text
      Measurement Scale:
      Name of LTER site
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      Date
      Attribute Label:
      date
      Attribute Definition:
      Collection date
      Storage Type:
      datetime
      Measurement Scale:
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      Time
      Attribute Label:
      time
      Attribute Definition:
      Collection time
      Storage Type:
      datetime
      Measurement Scale:
      Missing Value Code:
       

      Attribute Name:
      Salinity
      Attribute Label:
      salinity
      Attribute Definition:
      Composite salinity
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: PSU
      Precision: 0.1
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.0 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      TN
      Attribute Label:
      total nitrogen
      Attribute Definition:
      Composite total nitrogen
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: microMolesPerLiter
      Precision: 0.001
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.000 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      TP
      Attribute Label:
      total phosphorus
      Attribute Definition:
      Composite total phosphorus
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: microMolesPerLiter
      Precision: 0.01
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.00 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      TOC
      Attribute Label:
      total organic carbon
      Attribute Definition:
      Composite total organic carbon
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: microMolesPerLiter
      Precision: 0.001
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.000 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      NH4
      Attribute Label:
      ammonium
      Attribute Definition:
      ammonium
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: microMolesPerLiter
      Precision: 0.01
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.00 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      NandN
      Attribute Label:
      nitrate and nitrite
      Attribute Definition:
      nitrate and nitrite
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: microMolesPerLiter
      Precision: 0.01
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.00 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      NO2
      Attribute Label:
      nitrite
      Attribute Definition:
      nitrite
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: microMolesPerLiter
      Precision: 0.01
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.00 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      SRP
      Attribute Label:
      soluble reactive phosphorus
      Attribute Definition:
      soluble reactive phosphorus
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: microMolesPerLiter
      Precision: 0.01
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.00 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      DOC
      Attribute Label:
      dissolved organic carbon
      Attribute Definition:
      dissolved organic carbon
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: microMolesPerLiter
      Precision: 0.001
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.000 (Value will never be recorded )

      Attribute Name:
      NO3
      Attribute Label:
      nitrate
      Attribute Definition:
      nitrate
      Storage Type:
      data
      Measurement Scale:
      Units: microMolesPerLiter
      Precision: 0.01
      Number Type: real
      Missing Value Code:
      -9999.00 (Value will never be recorded )


  • Methods
    Sampling Description
    Water quality samples are being collected using ISCO autosamplers at all wetland sites (that is, all sites except TS/Ph-9, 10, and 11). The autosamplers contain 24 1L bottles. Water is sampled by programming the autosamplers to take composite samples once every 3 days. These samples are a composite of four 250mL subsamples drawn every 18 hours (a sampling scheme that captures a dawn, noon, dusk, and midnight sample in every three day composite). The samples are collected every 3-4 weeks and analyzed for total phosphorus (TP), total nitrogen (TN), and salinity. When sites are visited to collect these samples, we also collect a grab sample that is immediately put on ice. A portion of these grab samples is filtered through a Whatman GF/F filter immediately upon return to the lab, and the filtered samples are analyzed for inorganic nutrients such as NO2-, NO3-, NH4+, SRP, and DOC. The unfiltered fraction of these grab samples is analyzed for TP and TN. We use these monthly grab samples to generate relationships between TP and SRP, and between TN and NO2- + NO3- + NH4+. Dissolved nutrients are measured using standard rapid flow analyzer (RFA) techniques. TP is analyzed with a modified Solorzano and Sharp (1980) technique. TN is measured with an Antec TN analyzer, TOC and DOC are quantified on a Shimadzu TOC Analyzer, and salinity is measured with a YSI conductivity meter. In January 2007 a 6 days interval began for SRS1d, SRS2 & SRS3; the ISCOs did not change their sampling scheduled, they kept collecting water sample every 18 hours and switching bottles every three days; once in the lab, the 3 days was turned into 6 days by combining two bottles into 2 liters container. In addition to the regular water quality monitoring, we use the rain level actuators at all freshwater sites to trigger water sampling after rain events exceed a given threshold of duration and/or intensity. As currently programmed, when the threshold of = 2.5 cm of rain per hour is passed, the autosampler at that site collects a 1000mL sample 30 minutes after the threshold has been reached. Rain event samples are collected, treated, and analyzed as all other water quality samples.

    Method Step

    Description
    Water quality samples are being collected using ISCO autosamplers at all wetland sites (that is, all sites except TS/Ph-9, 10, and 11). The autosamplers contain 24 1L bottles. Water is sampled by programming the autosamplers to take composite samples once every 3 days. These samples are a composite of four 250mL subsamples drawn every 18 hours (a sampling scheme that captures a dawn, noon, dusk, and midnight sample in every three day composite). The samples are collected every 3-4 weeks and analyzed for total phosphorus (TP), total nitrogen (TN), and salinity. When sites are visited to collect these samples, we also collect a grab sample that is immediately put on ice. A portion of these grab samples is filtered through a Whatman GF/F filter immediately upon return to the lab, and the filtered samples are analyzed for inorganic nutrients such as NO2-, NO3-, NH4+, SRP, and DOC. The unfiltered fraction of these grab samples is analyzed for TP and TN. We use these monthly grab samples to generate relationships between TP and SRP, and between TN and NO2- + NO3- + NH4+. Dissolved nutrients are measured using standard rapid flow analyzer (RFA) techniques. TP is analyzed with a modified Solorzano and Sharp (1980) technique. TN is measured with an ANTEK 9000N analyzer, TOC and DOC are quantified on a Shimadzu TOC Analyzer, and salinity is measured with a YSI conductivity meter. In January 2007 a 6 days interval began for SRS1d, SRS2 & SRS3; the ISCOs did not change their sampling scheduled, they kept collecting water sample every 18 hours and switching bottles every three days; once in the lab, the 3 days was turned into 6 days by combining two bottles into 2 liters container. In addition to the regular water quality monitoring, we use the rain level actuators at all freshwater sites to trigger water sampling after rain events exceed a given threshold of duration and/or intensity. As currently programmed, when the threshold of = 2.5 cm of rain per hour is passed, the autosampler at that site collects a 1000mL sample 30 minutes after the threshold has been reached. Rain event samples are collected, treated, and analyzed as all other water quality samples.

    Instrumentation
    ISCO Model 6700 & ISCO Model 6710 Auto-samplers Whatman GF/F filters (0.7 um) Nalgene Reusable Inline Filter Holder Monoject 140cc syringes Computer

    Quality Control
    Data that already meets Lab QA/QC is then evaluated by a Field Technician for patterns and trends, and finally by the PI for patterns and trends. When looking at patterns and trends, the Field Technician and/or PI looks for any values that "spike" or "valley" with an above/below quanity greater than double preceding and post values.
  • Distribution and Intellectual Rights
    Online distribution
    https://fce-lter.fiu.edu/perl/public_data_download.pl?datasetid=LT_ND_Grahl_002.txt
    Data Submission Date:  2020-04-21

    Intellectual Rights
    This information is released under the Creative Commons license - Attribution - CC BY (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). The consumer of these data ("Data User" herein) is required to cite it appropriately in any publication that results from its use. The Data User should realize that these data may be actively used by others for ongoing research and that coordination may be necessary to prevent duplicate publication. The Data User is urged to contact the authors of these data if any questions about methodology or results occur. Where appropriate, the Data User is encouraged to consider collaboration or co-authorship with the authors. The Data User should realize that misinterpretation of data may occur if used out of context of the original study. While substantial efforts are made to ensure the accuracy of data and associated documentation, complete accuracy of data sets cannot be guaranteed. All data are made available "as is." The Data User should be aware, however, that data are updated periodically and it is the responsibility of the Data User to check for new versions of the data. The data authors and the repository where these data were obtained shall not be liable for damages resulting from any use or misinterpretation of the data. Thank you.

  • Keywords
    long term monitoring, water quality, inorganic nutrients, FCE, Florida Coastal Everglades LTER, ecological research, long-term monitoring, water quality, inorganic nutrients, salinity, TN, biogeochemistry, TP, Shark River Slough, Everglades National Park, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, water, intensive, grab sample, TOC, NH4, N+N, NO2, SRP, DOC, NO3
  • Dataset Contact
    • Name: Rafael Travieso 
    • Position: South Florida Wetland Ecosystems Lab Field Technican
    • Organization: Southeast Environmental Research Center
    • Address: Florida International University
      University Park
      OE 148
      Miami, FL 33199 USA
    • Phone: 305-348-7286
    • Fax: 305-348-4096
    • Email: travieso@fiu.edu
    • URL: http://www.fiu.edu/~ecosyst/

    • Position: Information Manager
    • Organization: Florida Coastal Everglades LTER Program
    • Address: Florida International University
      University Park
      OE 148
      Miami, FL 33199 USA
    • Phone: 305-348-6054
    • Fax: 305-348-4096
    • Email: fcelter@fiu.edu
    • URL: http://fcelter.fiu.edu

  • Data Table and Format
    Data Table:  Water Quality Data (Grab Samples) from the Shark River Slough, Everglades National Park, South Florida

    Entity Name:
    LT_ND_Grahl_002.txt
    Entity Description:
    Water Quality Data (Grab Samples) from the Shark River Slough, Everglades National Park, South Florida
    Object Name:
    LT_ND_Grahl_002.txt
    Number of Header Lines:
    1
    Attribute Orientation:
    column
    Field Delimiter:
    ,
    Number of Records:
    1309